The Effects of Marijuana on the Body

The Effects of Marijuana on the Body

Marijuana comes from the cannabis sativa plant. It contains over 400 unique chemicals called cannabinoids, the most potent of which is THC. This chemical causes powerful psychoactive effects and is responsible for the “high” users seek out. Today’s marijuana is highly potent, and marijuana concentrates, which can yield over 90 percent purity, have been rising in popularity. THC attaches to cannabinoid receptors in the brain; these receptors have a lot do with how we feel and perceive pain, pleasure, and stress.

Side Effects

Some side effects of marijuana are increased appetite and drowsiness. Advocates of marijuana point to these effects, as well as the relaxing nature of the drug, as potentially beneficial to people suffering from physiological and neurological problems; critics, however, insist that marijuana kills motivation—a claim that has been largely agreed upon by behavioral specialists studying the drug and its effects.

When marijuana is smoked or vaporized, the psychoactive effects occur quickly, within minutes. Marijuana-laced foods, often called edibles, are also popular. The effects are slower, but more pronounced. Marijuana onset is influenced by four factors: bioavailability, concentration, drug form, method of administration.

Marijuana causes an array of effects that can be observed by either a doctor or regular peers: heart rate increases, bronchial passages widen, and blood vessels expand, causing reddening of the eyes.

When Does It Peak?

After smoking marijuana, the high peaks in 10-30 minutes. When orally consumed, effects take 2.5-3.5 hours to hit, but with much more intensity. As for when it stops: it can take about 2 hours for smoked, 3-4 hours for eaten, to return to normalcy, but this largely depends on the individual and usage habits.

Is Overdose Possible?

Overdose isn’t defined by a life-threatening health incident, not necessarily. Consuming too much pot in too short of a time frame often leads to panics attacks and paranoia. In some cases, it can even cause breathing difficulties or vomiting. The most common complaint is nausea, sometimes intense.

Many marijuana-related emergency room visits are caused by edibles and their tricky nature. Their delayed effects make some users overestimate the dosage they need to reach their desired high.

Can Addiction Happen?

Physiological addiction to marijuana is rare, but psychological addiction is the real enemy. Detox from a drug can happen within weeks, but everyone knows the challenges linger on for long after that. Chronic pot users tend to be self-medicating, which, in turn, may hide underlying mental issues that could and should be treated by a doctor, in whichever way they deem appropriate.

Marijuana may not be deadly, but it can be addictive, and nobody should suffer from addiction. Call today for tips or assistance with marijuana dependence: (888) 744-9969


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